KuzeyDoğa Derneği, BM Çölleşme ile Mücadele Sözleşmesi (UNCCD) Akredite Sivil Toplum Kuruluşu ve Dünya Doğa Koruma Birliği (IUCN) üyesidir.

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KuzeyDoğa Derneği

Ortakapı Mah. Şehit Yusuf Bey Cad.  No:93 Merkez / Kars / Türkiye

KuzeyDoga Association is an acredited CSO in the context of United Nation Convention Combat Desertification  (UNCCD) and a member of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Aras Bird Resarch and Education Center

Bird ringing is attaching an individually numbered, identificatory; lightweight and non-corrosive aluminum ring to the leg of a bird after capturing the bird in a mist-net made of a very light and safe material. This helps monitoring bird migration and changes in population size.  A bird ring provides information on the country and the address of the ringing station, thus enabling to know where it came from in case they are recaptured dead or alive.TNRS (Turkish National Ringing Scheme) coordinates the bird ringing projects in Turkey. Two of the three active ringing stations in Turkey are in the cities of Kars and Iğdır.

What is ringing?

Iğdır ilinde kaydedilmiş olan 305 kuş türü, Türkiye kuş türlerinin %65’ini oluşturmaktadır ve bu da Iğdır’ı Türkiye’de kuşlar için en önemli illerden biri yapmaktadır. Bu sayıda en büyük rolü, 258 kuş türü ile Aras Nehri Kuş Cenneti oynamaktadır. Merkez, 1059 km’lik Aras Nehri’nin kuzey kıyısında, Iğdır’ın Tuzluca ilçesine bağlı Yukarı Çıyrıklı Köyünün 300 metre uzağında, nehir ile köyün meyve bahçeleri ve merasının arasındaki sulak alanda kurulmuştur. Çalışmaya başladığımız ilk zamanda Kars il sınırında olan ancak sonradan Iğdır iline bağlanan Tuzluca’nın Yukarı Çıyrıklı Köyünde bulunan istasyonumuz Kafkasya-Avrasya Kuş Göç Yolu üzerinde ve Doğu Anadolu'daki ilk kuş göçü araştırma istasyonudur. İstasyonumuz 2006 yılından beri faaliyetlerine devam ederek 185 türden 50.500 kuşa halka[1] takmıştır. Ayrıca bu çalışmalar sırasında 1000’den fazla kişiye çevrenin korunması ve kuşlar hakkında bilgi verilerek katılımcıların bilinçlendirilmesi sağlanmıştır. Yöre halkı da bu eğitim çalışmalarının sonunda bulundukları alanın değerini anlayarak alanın korunması için bizlere yardımcı ve destek olmaktadır. Çalışmalarımızın sonucunda görülmüştür ki; Aras Kuş Araştırma ve Eğitim İstasyonu, Türkiye ve Dünya çapında, kuşların göç sırasında dinlenmek, beslenmek ve üremek için kullandıkları önemli bir noktadır. Bu çalışmaların neticesinde, Aras Kuş Araştırma İstasyonu’nda halkalanan 7,2 gram ağırlığındaki Kırlangıç (Hirundo rustica) Afrika kıtasında Zambiya ülkesindeki Kabwe şehrinde, Söğütbülbülü (Phylloscopus trochilus) Bulgaristan’da ve Öter Ardıç (Turdus philomelos) Kıbrıs’ta tekrar yakalanmış. Aras Kuş Araştırma İstasyonu’nda ise, İsrail’de halkalanan bir step şahini (Buteo buteo), Rusya’da halkalanan 10,3 gram ağırlığındaki Söğütbülbülü (Phylloscopus trochilus) ve Afrika kıtasının en ucu olan Cape Town’da halkalanan 7,8 gram ağırlığındaki Kırlangıç (Hirundo rustica) tekrar yakalanmıştır. 7.835 km uçan Kırlangıç (Hirundo rustica) Türkiye’de bilinen en uzun mesafe göç eden kuş olmuştur. 2006-2008 yılları arasında göç sırasında 50.000 km’den fazla yol kat ettiği ortaya çıkan bilgiler arasındadır.  

Among the entire bird species in Turkey, 305 of them recorded in Iğdır which constitutes 65% of total and making the city one of the most prominent ones for birds. With the recorded 258 bird species, Aras River-Bird Sanctuary plays a crucial role here.  Aras Station, located on the north bank of Aras River of 1059 kilometers length, is 300 meters away from Yukarı Çıyrıklı Village of Tuzluca district in Iğdır, on a wetland between the fruits gardens and the grazing land of village. Our station is the first migration research center in the Caucasus-Eurasian flyway of migratory birds and Eastern Anatolia. We operate actively since 2006, ringing approximately 70.000 birds of 220 different species. In addition, we organized training programs for more than 1000 people on environmental protection and birds, raising awareness among participators. As a result, locals appreciated the importance of where they live and grew willing to help us in the protection of area.

 

Our studies indicate that Aras Bird Research and Education Center is both locally and globally crucial for birds to rest, feed and breed during migration. The study results indicate that a barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) of 7.2 grams, ringed in Aras Bird Research Center, is recaptured in the city of Kabwe in Zambia; a willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) in Bulgaria; a song thrush (Turdus philomelos) in Cyrprus. 
Also, a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) ringed in Israil; a willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) weighing 10,3 grams, ringed in Russia; a barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) of 7,8 grams ringed in Cape Town, the extreme end of African continent, are recaptured in Aras Bird Research Center.  The barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) who covers up to 7.835 kilometers during its migration is known to be the longest-distance migrating bird in Turkey.

 

Kuyucuk Bird Resarch and Education Center

Lake Kuyucuk is the Turkey’s thirteenth and Eastern Anotolia’s first Ramsar site apart from being designated as an important bird area (IBA), an important natural area, and a wildlife reserve area. Lake Kuyucuk whose official conservation status is wildlife reserve, is an important accommodation area for migratory birds both in the spring and autumn. Additionally, 6-8% of the entire Ruddy shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) population, an internationally recognized species, inhabits in Lake Kuyucuk. The lake harbors not only water birds but also shorebirds and raptors. As understood from bird ringing studies of 2007, the lake is proved to be on the flyway of migratory birds and is an important area for feeding and accommodation of birds. It is crucial that people continue working in this area to do more research on the lake and surrounding landscape, to have the right information, to practice the belief that nature can be protected most effectively in nature and to promote participation in environmental protection by informing locals about birds.

With the adequate attention of local press, Lake Kuyucuk and its birds became a topic on the agenda of Turkey. Lake Kuyucuk is one of the most important feeding and resting areas after breeding in the Caucasus region for water and shore birds. On the other hand, the lake is an area of vital importance for migratory birds. The case of the garganey (Anas querquedula) that was ringed in Kuyucuk and found in Russia-Kazakhstan border, shot dead by a hunter, was declared to TNRS (Turkish National Ringing Schema) and recorded, provides a tangible proof of its importance. One can understand the ecological importance of Lake Kuyucuk by looking at the case of garganey who flies to Kazakhstan covering up to 785 kilometers.

Egyptian Vulture Satellite Transmitter Project

Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) is the smallest of the four species of vulture in our country and the most endangered vulture species in the world.  It feeds on animal carcasses, garbage and other birds' eggs and prey on small vertebrates and small insects. The small vulture population that is rapidly decreasing in the world, still reproduces regularly in our country. However, among the entire bird species in Turkey, the small vulture is globally the most critical one. 
Arpaçay Canyon, located between Kars and Iğdır, and Aras Valley are among the most important habitats of Egyptian vulture in Eastern Anatolia. However, neither of these areas has a conservation status. We as Kuzeydoğa Society, initiated the project of satellite transmitter tracking of Egyptian Vulture in coordination with the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, the General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks (DKMP), and Utah University for the first time ever in Turkey. Thanks to this project, we will have elaborate information on the area where the globally endangered Egyptian vulture fly to and feed on and their flyway.

Great Reed Warbler Tracking Project

Biologists from the University of Utah, Kafkas University, Koç University, and Kars Kuzeydoğa Society revealed that great reed warbler (Acrocephalus arundinaceus) of 27 grams, breeding in Aras River-Bird sanctuary in Iğdır and Kars, migrate across 17 countries in Turkey, Middle East, and Africa, covering up more than 11,000 kilometers, and returns to Aras to breed. 
The flyway of great reed warbler was detected via the geolocator (geographical positioning device) which only weighs one gram and records continuous quantity of light. It is the first perching bird and the smallest living whose migration route ever monitored in Turkey. The study conducted with the permission of The Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs and General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks, is published in the US ornithology magazine, Condor. 

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